Angielski dla każdego - słownictwo, gramatyka, ciekawe linki, przygotowanie do matury, egzaminu gimnazjalnego, historia i kultura krajów anglojęzycznych itd.

Ciekawe artykuły

piątek, 08 sierpnia 2014

Dzisiaj tylko link do artykułu na temat tego, kiedy należy zacząć naukę języka obcego.

Mały poliglota. Kiedy zacząć uczyć dziecko języków obcych

Poza tym polecę jeszcze Poradnik dla rodziców przygotowany przeze mnie.


A na koniec zdjęcie z mojego ogrodu:



niedziela, 13 lipca 2014

Czytam właśnie wywiad z brytyjskim socjologiem we wczorajszej Wyborczej: "Tolerancja to nie płytka obojętność".

Frank Furedi zwraca uwagę na to, że chwaląc dzieci za wszystko, nie stawiamy im zbyt wysokich wymagań. Przez to później na studia humanistyczne trafiają ludzie, którzy nie słyszeli nawet o rewolucji przemysłowej. Jest to problem złożony i niestety pojawia się również w polskich szkołach i na polskich uczelniach. Podobno studenci studiów humanistycznych nie potrafią pisać prac, nie znają podstawowych terminów czy wydarzeń z historii, języka polskiego, literatury. Wiem, że zabrzmię bardzo staro, ale "za moich czasów było lepiej"...

A chwalenie za wszystko? Za wszystko nie należy chwalić. Kiedyś zamierzam napisać dłuższy wpis o chwaleniu, ale teraz wspomnę tylko, że warto dziecko chwalić za wysiłek, a nie chwalić je dla samego chwalenia. Poza tym, zauważyłam, że dzieci stają się bardzo interesowne, nie chcą wykonywać zadań, poleceń, czy próśb, gdy wiedzą, że nic za to nie dostaną. Od razu mówią wprost: "a co z tego będę miał?", "a dostanę piątkę?". Jeśli tak ma wyglądać nasze przyszłe społeczeństwo to ja dziękuję bardzo. Gdzie można kupić bilety na Marsa? :P

Na uspokojenie zdjęcie maka (poppy) i makówki z mojego ogrodu :)



środa, 13 listopada 2013

Pewnie już grzybów nie ma, ale przeczytajcie artykuł z BBC o grzybie gigancie znalezionym w Polsce!

Giant mushroom found in Polish forest

26 September 2013 Last updated at 20:15 BST

A massive mushroom has been found in a forest in north-western Poland.

The boletus, which weighs 3kg and has a diameter of 40cm, was found in the Bydgoszcz forest by a man from Ciechocinek.

He says part of the mushroom may be used in a Christmas dish.


Pod tym linkiem znajdziecie również krótki reportaż na ten temat!

sobota, 26 października 2013

Great emotional and intellectual resources are demanded in quarrels; stamina helps, as does a capacity for obsession. But no one is born a good quarreller; the craft must be learned.

There are two generally recognised apprenticeships. First, and universally preferred, is a long childhood spent in the company of fractious siblings. After several years of rainy afternoons, brothers and sisters develop a sure feel for the tactics of attrition and the niceties of strategy so necessary in first-rate quarrelling.

The only child, or the child of peaceful or repressed households, is likely to grow up failing to understand that quarrels, unlike arguments, arc not about an)1hing, least of all the pursuit of truth. The apparent subject of a quarrel is a mere pretext; the real business is the quarrel itself.

Essentially, adversaries in a quarrel are out to establish or rescue their dignity. I fence the elementary principle: anything may be said. The unschooled, probably no less quarrelsome by inclination than anyone else, may spend an hour with knocking heart, sifting the consequences of roiling this old acquaintance a lying fraud. Too late! With a cheerful wave the old acquaintance has left the room.

Those who miss their first apprenticeship may care to enrol in the second, the bad marriage. This can be perilous for the neophyte; the mutual intimacy of spouses makes them at once more vulnerable and more dangerous in attack. Once sex is involved, the stakes are higher all round. And there is an unspoken rule that those who love, or have loved, one another are granted a licence for unlimited beastliness such as is denied to mere sworn enemies. For all that, some of our most tenacious black belt quarrellers have come to it late in fife and mastered every throw, from the Crushing Silence to the Gloating Apology, in less than ten years of marriage.

A quarrel may last years. Among brooding types Kith time on their hands, like writers, half a lifetime is not uncommon. In its most refined form, a quarrel may consist of the participants not talking to each other. They will need to scheme laboriously to appear in public together to register their silence.

Brief, violent quarrels are also known as rows. In all cases the essential ingredient remains the same; the original cause must be forgotten as soon as possible. From here on, dignity, pride, self-esteem, honour ate the crucial issues, which is why quarrelling, like jealousy, is an all-consuming business, virtually a profession. For the quarreller's very self-hood is on the fine.

To lose an argument is a brief disappointment, much like losing a game of tennis; but to be crushed in a quarrel ... rather bite off your tongue and spread it at your opponent's feet.


Artykuł pochodzi z książki przygotowujący do egzaminu CPE.



- apprenticeship - szkolenie

- fractious - wybuchowy

- attrition - ścieranie się

- nicety - przyjemność

- mere - zwykły

- adversary - przeciwnik

- be out to (lunch) - to be crazy

- by inclination - ze skłonnością

- quarrelsome - kłótliwy

- sift - przesiewać, badać

- enrol - zapisać się

- perilous - niebezpieczny, ryzykowny

- neophyte - neofita, początkujący

- vulnerable - podatny, narażony

- all round - wszechstronny, uniwersalny

- tenacious - trwały, nieustępliwy

- gloating - triumfujący, zwycięski, rozkoszny

- brooding - straszny, złowieszczy, napawający lękiem

- on their hands - w swoich rękach

- scheme - plan

- laboriously - mozolnie, pracowicie

- row - kłótnia, awantura

- be on the line = be at risk

poniedziałek, 21 października 2013
The best neighbour I ever had was an Italian restaurant. Emergency lasagne available night and day, change for the launderette on Sundays, a permanent door-keeper against gatecrashers and policemen with parking tickets. Even if our fourth floor bath water did run dry every time they filled up the Expresso machine, I miss them still.

Bad neighbours can blight a house worse than dry rot but there is no insurance against them, no effective barricades in the compulsory intimacy except a decent caution and conversation ruthlessly restricted to matters of meteorology. And it only takes a tiny breach in the wall of platitudes to unleash appalling dramas of persecution and passion.

And what can be done if the people next door breed maggots or wake up to the Body Snatchers (or some other punk group) in quadrophonic or poison the cat with their slug doom? What happens when one man's trumpet practice is another's thumping headache, when two neighbouring life styles are just incompatible? There are three basic responses to what the law calls Nuisance:
surrender, retaliate or sue.

Joan and Andrew live next to a couple who have been having screaming, shouting and banging fights two or three times a week for the best part of five years. 'It sometimes gets so bad that our whole house shakes, pictures rattle on the wall,' said Joan. She has tried sympathetic chats, face to face confrontation and even recourse to the local social services department and the police when she feared that the child of the family might be at risk. 'Every time I say something, she is apologetic but says she can't help it. I don't think the child is subject to physical abuse, but the verbal onslaughts are frightful. It's worrying as well as infuriating but it seems there's nothing to be done. There would be no point in bringing an action against them, it's just how they are. '

Retaliation - or crash for crash - is a dangerous game which calls for nerves of steel and considerable perseverance. It is a winner take all strategy from which
there is no turning back, because it becomes a war of escalation and the side which is prepared to go nuclear wins. Michael's neighbour in Surrey made every summer afternoon noxious with the sound of his motor mower. Negotiations got nowhere so Michael bought an electric hedge trimmer and plied it right where the neighbour's wife liked to sunbathe. Neighbour opened up with a chain saw. Michael lit bonfires full of wet leaves when the wind was westerly. Neighbour left his car engine running with the exhaust pointing through the fence. Michael served an ultimatum: either an end to hostilities or he would sow a plantation of ground elder right along his side of the hedge. Legal, but a lethal threat to neighbour's well-tended acre and a half. Mowing now takes place on weekday evenings and the weekends are silent.

There are two main areas where the law has a role: in boundary disputes where the tide deeds are not clear and in cases of nuisance from noise or fumes or some other persistent interference in someone's peaceful enjoyment of their home. The remedies available in case of nuisance are either an injunction -
a court order to stop it - or damages in compensation for the victim's suffering.
There is only one thing worse than having to take your neighbour to court,
and that is letting your fury build up so long that you lose your temper and end up in the dock yourself like Mrs Edith Holmes of Huntingdon who was driven mad by her neighbour's incessant hammering, drilling and other DIY activities between 7.30 and 11. 30 every night. She ended up throwing a brick through his done-it-himself double glazing and had to plead guilty to criminal damage. A merciful magistrate gave her a conditional discharge and allowed only £35 of her neighbour's £70 claim for compensation. The neighbour, he said, was an expert and could do his own repairs.

But judges and ten-foot walls and conciliation and bribery can only do so much. In this one vital area of living you are entirely at the mercy of luck, which may deal you a curse or a blessing regardless of any attempts to arrange things otherwise.
Artykuł pochodzi z książki przygotowującej do egzaminu CPE.


- laudrette - pralnia samoobsługowa
- gatcrasher - nieproszony gość
- blight (a house) - niweczyć, niszczyć
  to cast a blight on sth - to spoil sth
- insurance against sth - ubezpieczenie na wypadek
- barricades - barykady
- decent - przyzwoity, porządny, skromny
- ruthlessly - bezwlędnie
  ruthless = cruel
- it takes a tiny breach in... - a hole in a wall for protection (wyłom)
  be in breach of sth - to be breaking a particular law or rule (naruszać, łamać prawo)
- platitude - frazes, banał
- unleash - uwolnić, wyzwolić
- appalling - przerażący, straszny, obrzydliwy, wstrętny
- breed - hodować, wychowywać
- persecution - prześladowanie
- thump - walić, grzmotnąć, walnąć
  thumping headache
- retaliate - odwajemnić
  to retaliate against sb with sth
  in retaliation for
- the best/better part of = most of
- recourse - uciekanie się do czegoś
  without recourse to
- onslaught - a very powerful attack
- noxious - trujący
- maggot - larwa (mięsna), robak, robal
- slug - lazy person
- mower - kosiarka
- electric hedge trimmer - elektryczne nożyce do żywopłotu
- ply - posługiwać się
- open up - ujawnić
- sow - siać
- elder - czarny bez
- lethal - zabójczy, zgubny, śmiertelny
- boundary - ograniczenie
- deed - czyn
- persistent - trwały
  persist in doing sth - trwać, utrzymywać się
- interference - wtrącanie się, ingerencja
- nuisance - niedogodność, udręka, niewygoda
- injunction - nakaz, zakaz sądowy
- to lose one's temper - tracić panowanie nad sobą
- be driven mad by - oszaleć przez coś
- incessant - bezustanny, nieustający
- double glazing - podwójna szyba
- plead guilty to - przyznawać się do winy
- merciful - litościwy
- conditional discharge - zwolnienie warunkowe
- conciliation - pojednanie, postępowanie pojednawcze
- be at the mercy of luck - być na łasce szczęścia
- regardless of - niezależnie od
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