Angielski dla każdego - słownictwo, gramatyka, ciekawe linki, przygotowanie do matury, egzaminu gimnazjalnego, historia i kultura krajów anglojęzycznych itd.
środa, 13 listopada 2013
Pewnie już grzybów nie ma, ale przeczytajcie artykuł z BBC o grzybie gigancie znalezionym w Polsce!
Giant mushroom found in Polish forest
26 September 2013 Last updated at 20:15 BST
A massive mushroom has been found in a forest in north-western Poland.
Pod tym linkiem znajdziecie również krótki reportaż na ten temat!
sobota, 26 października 2013
Great emotional and intellectual resources are demanded in quarrels; stamina helps, as does a capacity for obsession. But no one is born a good quarreller; the craft must be learned.
There are two generally recognised apprenticeships. First, and universally preferred, is a long childhood spent in the company of fractious siblings. After several years of rainy afternoons, brothers and sisters develop a sure feel for the tactics of attrition and the niceties of strategy so necessary in first-rate quarrelling.
The only child, or the child of peaceful or repressed households, is likely to grow up failing to understand that quarrels, unlike arguments, arc not about an)1hing, least of all the pursuit of truth. The apparent subject of a quarrel is a mere pretext; the real business is the quarrel itself.
Essentially, adversaries in a quarrel are out to establish or rescue their dignity. I fence the elementary principle: anything may be said. The unschooled, probably no less quarrelsome by inclination than anyone else, may spend an hour with knocking heart, sifting the consequences of roiling this old acquaintance a lying fraud. Too late! With a cheerful wave the old acquaintance has left the room.
Those who miss their first apprenticeship may care to enrol in the second, the bad marriage. This can be perilous for the neophyte; the mutual intimacy of spouses makes them at once more vulnerable and more dangerous in attack. Once sex is involved, the stakes are higher all round. And there is an unspoken rule that those who love, or have loved, one another are granted a licence for unlimited beastliness such as is denied to mere sworn enemies. For all that, some of our most tenacious black belt quarrellers have come to it late in fife and mastered every throw, from the Crushing Silence to the Gloating Apology, in less than ten years of marriage.
A quarrel may last years. Among brooding types Kith time on their hands, like writers, half a lifetime is not uncommon. In its most refined form, a quarrel may consist of the participants not talking to each other. They will need to scheme laboriously to appear in public together to register their silence.
Brief, violent quarrels are also known as rows. In all cases the essential ingredient remains the same; the original cause must be forgotten as soon as possible. From here on, dignity, pride, self-esteem, honour ate the crucial issues, which is why quarrelling, like jealousy, is an all-consuming business, virtually a profession. For the quarreller's very self-hood is on the fine.
To lose an argument is a brief disappointment, much like losing a game of tennis; but to be crushed in a quarrel ... rather bite off your tongue and spread it at your opponent's feet.
Artykuł pochodzi z książki przygotowujący do egzaminu CPE.
- apprenticeship - szkolenie
- fractious - wybuchowy
- attrition - ścieranie się
- nicety - przyjemność
- mere - zwykły
- adversary - przeciwnik
- be out to (lunch) - to be crazy
- by inclination - ze skłonnością
- quarrelsome - kłótliwy
- sift - przesiewać, badać
- enrol - zapisać się
- perilous - niebezpieczny, ryzykowny
- neophyte - neofita, początkujący
- vulnerable - podatny, narażony
- all round - wszechstronny, uniwersalny
- tenacious - trwały, nieustępliwy
- gloating - triumfujący, zwycięski, rozkoszny
- brooding - straszny, złowieszczy, napawający lękiem
- on their hands - w swoich rękach
- scheme - plan
- laboriously - mozolnie, pracowicie
- row - kłótnia, awantura
- be on the line = be at risk
poniedziałek, 21 października 2013
The best neighbour I ever had was an Italian restaurant. Emergency lasagne available night and day, change for the launderette on Sundays, a permanent door-keeper against gatecrashers and policemen with parking tickets. Even if our fourth floor bath water did run dry every time they filled up the Expresso machine, I miss them still.
Bad neighbours can blight a house worse than dry rot but there is no insurance against them, no effective barricades in the compulsory intimacy except a decent caution and conversation ruthlessly restricted to matters of meteorology. And it only takes a tiny breach in the wall of platitudes to unleash appalling dramas of persecution and passion.
And what can be done if the people next door breed maggots or wake up to the Body Snatchers (or some other punk group) in quadrophonic or poison the cat with their slug doom? What happens when one man's trumpet practice is another's thumping headache, when two neighbouring life styles are just incompatible? There are three basic responses to what the law calls Nuisance:
surrender, retaliate or sue.
Joan and Andrew live next to a couple who have been having screaming, shouting and banging fights two or three times a week for the best part of five years. 'It sometimes gets so bad that our whole house shakes, pictures rattle on the wall,' said Joan. She has tried sympathetic chats, face to face confrontation and even recourse to the local social services department and the police when she feared that the child of the family might be at risk. 'Every time I say something, she is apologetic but says she can't help it. I don't think the child is subject to physical abuse, but the verbal onslaughts are frightful. It's worrying as well as infuriating but it seems there's nothing to be done. There would be no point in bringing an action against them, it's just how they are. '
Retaliation - or crash for crash - is a dangerous game which calls for nerves of steel and considerable perseverance. It is a winner take all strategy from which
there is no turning back, because it becomes a war of escalation and the side which is prepared to go nuclear wins. Michael's neighbour in Surrey made every summer afternoon noxious with the sound of his motor mower. Negotiations got nowhere so Michael bought an electric hedge trimmer and plied it right where the neighbour's wife liked to sunbathe. Neighbour opened up with a chain saw. Michael lit bonfires full of wet leaves when the wind was westerly. Neighbour left his car engine running with the exhaust pointing through the fence. Michael served an ultimatum: either an end to hostilities or he would sow a plantation of ground elder right along his side of the hedge. Legal, but a lethal threat to neighbour's well-tended acre and a half. Mowing now takes place on weekday evenings and the weekends are silent.
There are two main areas where the law has a role: in boundary disputes where the tide deeds are not clear and in cases of nuisance from noise or fumes or some other persistent interference in someone's peaceful enjoyment of their home. The remedies available in case of nuisance are either an injunction -
a court order to stop it - or damages in compensation for the victim's suffering.
There is only one thing worse than having to take your neighbour to court,
and that is letting your fury build up so long that you lose your temper and end up in the dock yourself like Mrs Edith Holmes of Huntingdon who was driven mad by her neighbour's incessant hammering, drilling and other DIY activities between 7.30 and 11. 30 every night. She ended up throwing a brick through his done-it-himself double glazing and had to plead guilty to criminal damage. A merciful magistrate gave her a conditional discharge and allowed only £35 of her neighbour's £70 claim for compensation. The neighbour, he said, was an expert and could do his own repairs.
But judges and ten-foot walls and conciliation and bribery can only do so much. In this one vital area of living you are entirely at the mercy of luck, which may deal you a curse or a blessing regardless of any attempts to arrange things otherwise.
Artykuł pochodzi z książki przygotowującej do egzaminu CPE.
- laudrette - pralnia samoobsługowa
- gatcrasher - nieproszony gość
- blight (a house) - niweczyć, niszczyć
to cast a blight on sth - to spoil sth
- insurance against sth - ubezpieczenie na wypadek
- barricades - barykady
- decent - przyzwoity, porządny, skromny
- ruthlessly - bezwlędnie
ruthless = cruel
- it takes a tiny breach in... - a hole in a wall for protection (wyłom)
be in breach of sth - to be breaking a particular law or rule (naruszać, łamać prawo)
- platitude - frazes, banał
- unleash - uwolnić, wyzwolić
- appalling - przerażący, straszny, obrzydliwy, wstrętny
- breed - hodować, wychowywać
- persecution - prześladowanie
- thump - walić, grzmotnąć, walnąć
- retaliate - odwajemnić
to retaliate against sb with sth
in retaliation for
- the best/better part of = most of
- recourse - uciekanie się do czegoś
without recourse to
- onslaught - a very powerful attack
- noxious - trujący
- maggot - larwa (mięsna), robak, robal
- slug - lazy person
- mower - kosiarka
- electric hedge trimmer - elektryczne nożyce do żywopłotu
- ply - posługiwać się
- open up - ujawnić
- sow - siać
- elder - czarny bez
- lethal - zabójczy, zgubny, śmiertelny
- boundary - ograniczenie
- deed - czyn
- persistent - trwały
persist in doing sth - trwać, utrzymywać się
- interference - wtrącanie się, ingerencja
- nuisance - niedogodność, udręka, niewygoda
- injunction - nakaz, zakaz sądowy
- to lose one's temper - tracić panowanie nad sobą
- be driven mad by - oszaleć przez coś
- incessant - bezustanny, nieustający
- double glazing - podwójna szyba
- plead guilty to - przyznawać się do winy
- merciful - litościwy
- conditional discharge - zwolnienie warunkowe
- conciliation - pojednanie, postępowanie pojednawcze
- be at the mercy of luck - być na łasce szczęścia
- regardless of - niezależnie od
wtorek, 23 lipca 2013
2 artykuły z BBC:
Royal baby: Pregnant Kate taken to hospital
The Duchess of Cambridge has been taken to hospital in the early stages of labour, Kensington Palace has said.
She travelled by car from the palace to St Mary's in Paddington, west London, with her husband the Duke of Cambridge.
The couple do not know the sex of their first child, who will be third in line to the throne.
"Things are progressing as normal", said a spokesman. The next official announcement is likely to be that of the birth.
The world's press have been camped outside St Mary's for days in anticipation of the birth. The due date had never been officially announced but had widely been expected to be mid-July.
Royal vehicles were seen at a back entrance to the hospital at about 06:00 BST, with the announcement coming from Kensington Palace an hour-and-a-half later.
The couple travelled to the hospital without a police escort, their spokesman said.
The duchess is being tended by a top medical team led by the Queen's former gynaecologist Marcus Setchell, who delivered the Countess of Wessex's two children.
Assisting him is Alan Farthing, the former fiance of murdered TV presenter Jill Dando and the Queen's current gynaecologist.
She will give birth in the hospital's private Lindo wing, where Prince William and his younger brother Prince Harry were born.
The Duke of Cambridge has been with his wife on annual leave and will have two weeks' paternity leave from his job as an RAF search and rescue helicopter pilot.
It is believed the next time the couple will be seen in public is when they appear on the steps of the hospital with their baby.
The way the birth will be announced is steeped in tradition. It is custom for news of royal births and deaths to be attached to the railings of Buckingham Palace, but in this case it will be displayed on an ornate easel in the forecourt of the palace.
The Queen, senior members of the Royal Family, and the duchess's family - if they are not at the hospital - will be told about the birth first
Then a royal aide will take a bulletin, signed by key medical staff, from the hospital to the palace under police escort.
After the note is displayed, an announcement will be posted on Twitter and Facebook, and the media will be informed.
Under new laws to succession the baby will remain third in line to the throne regardless of gender, and the gender of any subsequent siblings.
The new royal baby will be the Queen's third great-grandchild. It will be expected to take the throne following reigns by Prince Charles and then Prince William.
The couple announced they were expecting their first child in December after the duchess was admitted to hospital suffering from severe morning sickness.
Since the announcement, the duchess has carried out 19 days of public engagements before going on maternity leave in the middle of June.
Catherine's final public appearance before the birth was at the Trooping the Colour ceremony in June.
The Duke and Duchess of Cambridge were married at Westminster Abbey in April 2011, watched on television by hundreds of millions of people around the world.
Royal baby: Kate gives birth to boy
The Duchess of Cambridge has given birth to a baby boy, Kensington Palace has announced.
The baby was delivered at 16:24 BST at St Mary's Hospital in Paddington, west London, weighing 8lb 6oz.
The palace said in a statement that the duchess and the baby were "doing well" and would stay in hospital overnight.
The news has been displayed on an ornate easel in the forecourt of Buckingham Palace in line with tradition.
A bulletin - signed by the Queen's gynaecologist Marcus Setchell, who led the medical team that delivered the baby - was taken by a royal aide from St Mary's to the palace under police escort.
The document said: "Her Royal Highness, the Duchess of Cambridge was safely delivered of a son at 4.24pm today.
"Her Royal Highness and her child are both doing well."
The Kensington Palace press release said the Duke of Cambridge was present for the birth.
"The Queen, The Duke of Edinburgh, The Prince of Wales, The Duchess of Cornwall, Prince Harry and members of both families have been informed and are delighted with the news," it said.
And the Prince of Wales, in a separate statement, said he was enormously proud and happy to be a grandfather for the first time", adding that it was "an incredibly special moment for William and Catherine".
Prime Minister David Cameron said on Twitter: "I'm delighted for the Duke and Duchess now their son has been born. The whole country will celebrate. They'll make wonderful parents."
And Labour leader Ed Miliband, also writing on Twitter, said: "Many congratulations to the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge. I wish them and their son all happiness and good health."
The Prince of Wales said this evening:
to be in labour - rodzi
morning sickness - poranne mdłości
to deliver a baby - urodzić dziecko
Więcej słówek związanych z ciążą: Pregnancy and childchood
I coś po polsku, jak ktoś się zmęczył:
- wiadomość z rana: Księżna Catherine trafiła do szpitala
- i coś do pośmiania: Poród Księżnej Kate okiem internautów
sobota, 22 czerwca 2013
Tweet to ćwierkać, ale też tweetować na Twitterze ;) Ostatnio zajarzył to nawet Oxford Dictionary of English :D I o tym jest poniższy artykuł z CNN
Dictionary finally acknowledges humans can tweet, too
(CNN) -- The Oxford English Dictionary has finally gotten around to acknowledging that tweeting isn't just for the birds.
In its latest update, the dictionary that describes itself as "the accepted authority on the evolution of the English language over the last millennium" has revamped the entry for "tweet" to include its social networking usage.
Although the move may seem behind the curve given the widespread use of "tweet" to refer to activity on Twitter, the dictionary's chief editor says he's actually broken one of its rules by including it so soon.
"A new word needs to be current for ten years before consideration for inclusion," John Simpson wrote on the dictionary's website. "But it seems to be catching on."
The dictionary's entry for tweet now includes the verb -- "to make a posting on the social networking service Twitter" -- and the noun -- "a posting made on the social networking service Twitter."
They sit alongside the well established bird-related definitions of the word, whose traces go as far back as the 16th century, according to the dictionary.
By recognizing that people can tweet, too, the main Oxford English Dictionary is playing catch up with its smaller, snappier cousin, the Concise Oxford English Dictionary.
The concise dictionary, a different product that seeks to be "progressive and up to date," already included the word "retweet" -- meaning to repost or forward a message posted by another user on Twitter -- in its 12th edition in 2011.
But the mother dictionary, which began life in the 19th century and contains information on more than 600,000 words, tends to move more cautiously in adding and revising entries, something it does four times a year.
It has nonetheless ingested several new tech-related words in this month's update, along with "tweet." They include "big data," "crowdsourcing," "e-reader" and "mouseover."
And in a belated nod to 1990s pop culture, the dictionary has also just added the Bart Simpson catchphrase "to have a cow."
Simpson -- the dictionary's editor, not the cartoon character -- points out that while Bart made the slang term popular, its use can be traced back to 1959.
That means it took more than half a century to find its way into the dictionary's pages, a far longer journey than the rapid rise of the non-avian "tweet."
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